The last thing anyone wants to hear after their bone cancer has gone into absolution is that they need another round of cancer treatments. Unfortunately, this can be when bone cancer comes back.
It can also be when a secondary cancer, similar as leukemia, develops.
Secondary cancers are cancers that develop as a result of cancer treatments or other threat factors after the original cancer has gone into absolution. A secondary cancer can develop months or indeed times after cancer treatments are complete.
People who ’ve been treated for bone cancer can develop leukemia as a secondary cancer.
Keep reading to learn further about the threat of developing leukemia after bone cancer, what causes it to develop, how it’s treated, and more.
What’s the threat of developing leukemia after bone cancer?
It’s estimated that around0.5 of people treated for bone cancer go on to develop secondary leukemia. This is different from a rush of bone cancer after absolution.
Leukemia after bone cancer treatment is a new and different cancer. It’s not bone cancer returning.
Leukemia can be either acute or habitual. Acute leukemias grow and spread snappily, while habitual leukemias spread sluggishly.
In utmost cases, the type of leukemia that develops after bone cancer treatment is acute. Acute myeloid leukemia( AML) is the most common type of leukemia to develop as a secondary cancer after bone cancer treatment.
What causes leukemia after bone cancer?
Cancer treatments, similar as radiation and chemotherapy, affect both cancer cells and healthy cells. It’s known that exposure to radiation can increase the threat for certain cancers.
also, experimenters believe that treatment for bone cancer damages the DNA inside your bone gist. The cells inside your bone gist are responsible for making blood cells. Damage to bone gist DNA can affect blood cell product. In rare cases, this can lead to leukemia, because leukemia is a blood cancer.
A 2019 studyTrusted Source has indicated that it’s possible that these DNA mutations might formerly live in some people. This exploration theorizes that chemotherapy and radiation treatments sparkpre-existing mutations, and could explain why secondary leukemia only happens to a small number of people who ’ve had bone cancer treatments.
still, it could allow croakers to identify people who are at threat for secondary leukemia before bone cancer treatments indeed begin, If farther studies confirm these findings.
Other cancers following bone cancer
The most common cancer people get following bone cancer is another bone cancer. Having bone cancer formerly increases your threat for fresh bone cancer excrescences.
Other types of cancer that occasionally do after bone cancer treatment include
salivary gland cancer
What are the symptoms of leukemia following bone cancer?
Leukemia can develop months or times after bone cancer treatment. It’s a good idea to keep all follow- up movables , and to report any new symptoms to your croaker .
Some leukemia symptoms can feel minor or like the symptoms of less serious conditions at first, but reporting them snappily can make a difference in treatment options andoutcomes.However, let your croaker know, If you ’ve had any leukemia symptoms for further than a week or two.
Leukemia symptoms include
epoxies bleeding when you brush your teeth
veritably heavy menstrual ages
unintentional weight loss
briefness of breath
How is leukemia after bone cancer treated?
Your treatment for leukemia will depend on several factors, including your overall health, how far the leukemia has spread, and how well you responded to chemotherapy and radiation during bone cancer treatment.
Flash back that the leukemia is n’t a rush of the bone cancer. It’s a new cancer that will need to be treated independently.
Treatment options include
Chemotherapy Chemotherapy is the primary treatment for all forms of leukemia and is used to kill cancer cells.
Radiation remedy Radiation remedy uses energy to kill cancer cells.
Targeted remedy Targeted remedy uses specialized specifics to find, block, and kill cancer cells.
Immunotherapy Immunotherapy teaches your vulnerable system to find and destroy cancer cells.
Bone gist transplants A bone gist transplant, occasionally called a stem cell transplant, is a procedure that replaces your unhealthy bone gist cells with cancer-free bone gist cells. The healthy cells can come moreover from your own body or from the body of a patron. You can read further about bone gist transplants then.
What’s the outlook for leukemia after bone cancer?
The outlook for leukemia depends on a number of factors including
how far the leukemia has spread at opinion
your overall health
how well you respond to treatment
According to the National Cancer InstituteTrusted Source, between 2012 and 2018 the 5- time survival rate for all types of leukemia was65.7 percent.
Over the once several decades, survival rates have constantly trended overhead. It’s likely this trend will continue as new and more effective treatment options are developed.